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National Statistics about Domestic Violence

General

  • In 2009, violent crimes by intimate partners (current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend) accounted for 26% of non-fatal crimes against females and 5% against males. 1
  • Of female murder victims in 2009, 35 percent were killed by an intimate partner.2
  • A 2004 study found that women living in disadvantaged neighborhoods were more than twice as likely to be victims of intimate partner violence compared with women living in more advantaged neighborhoods. 11
  • On average, three women are killed by a current or former intimate partner each day in the United States. 15
  • 1 in 4 women have experienced severe physical violence by an intimate partner at some point in their life. 16
  • 66% of female stalking victims are stalked by a current or former intimate partner. 17
  • 1,551,143 incidents of family violence were reported to the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) between 1996 and 2001. 18
  • From 1994 to 2010, about 4 in 5 victims of intimate partner violence were female 19

 Domestic Violence and Guns

  • In 2008, 14% of state and 17% of local firearms application rejections were due to a domestic violence misdemeanor conviction or restraining order. 3
  • Of females killed with a firearm, almost two-thirds of them are killed by an intimate partner. 20 

Expenses

  • Domestic violence victims constituted 25% of all adult victims compensated by victim compensation programs in 2009. They received compensation for 40% of all assault claims. 4
  • The cost of intimate partner violence annually exceeds $5.8 billion, including $4.1 billion in direct health care expenses. 21
  • Domestic violence costs more than $37 billion a year in law enforcement involvement, legal work, medical and mental health treatment, and lost productivity at companies. 22
  • Domestic violence has cost U.S. employers approximately $13 billion each year [because of absences and lost productivity]. 23

Health (Physical, Mental)

  • One study found that women who had experienced any type of personal violence (even when the episode was 14 to 30 years ago) reported a greater number of chronic physical symptoms than those who had not been abused.  The risk of suffering from six or more chronic symptoms increased with the number of forms of violence experienced. 5
  • Nearly ½ of all women in the U.S. have experienced at least one form of psychological aggression by an intimate partner during their lifetime, such as name-calling and humiliation. 24

Children & Teens

  • Over 15 million children witness domestic violence each year in the United States. 25
  • Approximately 3,500-4,000 children witness fatal family violence each year in the United States. 26
  • Fifteen percent of teens who have been in a relationship report having been hit, slapped or pushed by their boyfriend or girlfriend. 6
  • A 2005 Michigan Study found that children exposed to domestic violence at home are more likely to have health problems, including becoming sick more often and  having frequent headaches or stomachaches. 27
  • Children who live in homes where there is domestic violence also suffer abuse or neglect at high rates (30%-60%). 28

Race/Ethnicity

  • A study of Native American Women in Oklahoma found that 83% had experienced physical or sexual intimate partner violence in their lifetimes, and 68% had experienced severe forms of violence. 8
  • 89% of Native American women who reported partner violence in their lifetime had suffered injuries from the violence, and 73% reported moderate or severe injuries, with nearly one in four (22%) reporting more than 20 different injury incidents. 9
  • During 2001-2005, Native American/Alaska Native females had the highest rate of intimate partner victimization (11.1 per 1,000), compared to black females (5.0), white females (4.0), and Asian American females (1.4). 10
  • Approximately 1/3 of Hispanic women have experienced physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime. 30
  • Approximately 4 in 10 Black women and 4 in 10 American Indian or Alaska Native women have experienced physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime. 31
  • Approximately 1 in 2 multiracial, non-Hispanic women have experienced physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime. 32

LGBTQQI

  • In 2008, lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender or queer people (LGBTQ) reported 3,419 incidents of domestic violence to local anti-violence programs. Nine of these incidents resulted in murder. 12
  • In 2008, 51% of LGBTQ domestic violence victims were women, 42% men and 5% transgender. 13
  • In cases where the age of the victim as reported, 64% of LGBTQ domestic violence victims were over the age of 30, while 36% were under 30. 14

Housing

  • Between 22 and 57% of all homeless women report that domestic violence was the immediate cause of their homelessness 33
  • 63% of homeless women have been victims of intimate partner violence as adults 34
  • Over 80% of survivors entering shelters identified “finding housing I can afford” as a need, second only to “safety for myself” (85%). 35
  • The average stay at an emergency homeless shelter is 60 days, while the average length of time it takes a homeless family to secure housing is 6-10 months. 36

NOTES

[36] National Network to End Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence, Housing, and Homelessness.  http://www.nnedv.org/downloads/Policy/NNEDV_DVHousing__factsheet.pdf